You must have heard about spectrum that the government has started auctioning and telecom companies bid for it. In this article, you will be know about what is this spectrum.
How spectrum works, and how many types are available. Information about these will be given to you in this article. There is a competition of spectrum among the companies, that the maximum will go to the company. By the way, for your information, tell that Reliance Jio has the highest share in India. And it has bought 70% of the spectrum.
What is spectrum?
Spectrum literally means a sequence of colors of the rainbow, such that the band which is red will remain red till the end, and the one which is blue will remain blue till the end, that state is called spectrum.
You must have known about 2 lane 4 lane or 6 lane road, so as vehicles move in their lane on different lane roads, in the same way radio, television, mobile, internet etc. all use the same frequency.
For example AM and FM are given two different modes in radio. The frequency of AM is between 535 to 1700 kHz and the frequency of FM is between 88.1 to 108.1 MHz, meaning they have a fixed frequency, in the same way telecom companies buy this. It happens.
And for using the same frequency in the air by tele companies, the government charges money from them. This spectrum is sold for crores of rupees. If spectrum auction is not done then many problems can be faced in that situation.
Spectrum means that using a fixed range of frequencies in the air is the spectrum of any company. And he is fined for more spectrum by that company, or he is taken out of telecom membership.
That is why you must have seen that whether it is a radio, TV remote, mobile phone or any other device, they all work on different frequencies. So that communication remains easy in them.
Types of spectrum
There are three types of spectrum, linear, striped, continuous, these three are divided on the basis of their work and physical capacity. Electromagnetic waves are also used in the spectrum. In this, which is called the electromagnetic field effect, waves of different frequencies are used.
Different spectrum is used by telecom companies for internet. because as you know,
Different generations of internet have been seen from GPRS to 5G. And they have their own specialty like that. In 2G, messages could also be sent with the phone because 2G used a good band. Whereas in GPRS it was not there. Then with the advent of 3G, fast internet was also seen along with phones, messages. In 4G there was an option to use both the phone and the internet together.
Now you will think that what is new in 5g, there is nothing new in 5g, the same will remain like 4g, but the band that will be used for internet in it is a very fast band. Internet will run so many times faster than 4G in it.
Although millimeter waves will be used for real 5G speed. But the currently available option for 5G will be using a band or frequency from 3.3GHz to 3.8GHz. Other bands like 1500MHz to 1800MHz and 2.1GHz, 2.3 GHz, bands up to 2.6GHz are used for 5G.
In that you will get to see very fast speed even in 4G because the real speed of 4G is 100 Mbps. But you do not get to see it either because there is a lack of bands. Or by the mobile phone makers, the option of 4G + or advanced internet in the mobile is disabled with the help of software.
If you want to un-lock 4G+ in your mobile phone, then you can tell us by commenting below, which we know that you also want to increase the internet speed in your mobile and we have brought a complete guide related to this for you. But you can use 4G + and can use high speed internet.
You read the information related to spectrum in this article and also know how many types of spectrum are there and which spectrum spectrum is used for 5G. If you found this article helpful, then share it with you and others.
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